The composition of term papers while in college is ‘brutal for nerves and fatal for fun’, as proven by many testimonies of students of several colleges. It should be branded in every mind that term papers should not be entangled with the research papers in literal sense. A research paper demands from its writer to develop and present new theories and notions by thorough research while term paper is the assessment of a student determining its real intentions and interests throughout the year, so research papers’ writing is the seeking out of novel content at our own albeit term paper’s are assigned to evaluate a student’s insight regarding a particular subject.53 In this present avant-garde era of latest technology, whenever a student gets assign to develop a term paper, he/she most of the time found adhered to the computer seat, searching for appropriate content for their papers as internet nowadays is serving as a gigantic appliance for students to rummage through literature from all around the world, books which can’t be found in your whole country is easily approached through the aid of internet. You can even interact with professionals around the globe to gain rare tips and suggestions on term papers writing and other academic reports and paper. For the crafting of your term papers, you can easily amass and generate a gigantic volume of information via cyberspace that links to the entire length of your project. By etching this in mind, it is a propitious exercise to adopt sensible habits at the start. While accumulating all the data for your term papers you could get used to a filing tactic (compiling all the seemingly appropriate data in alphabetical order) so that when you are done with yours seeking out, the review of all the acquired data would be made cinch and untiring. Undertaking your research spree for term papers or research papers, making internet as its primary source is turning to be a very wise path for students as it is without any doubt way more contrasting in nature and time-redeeming compared from the visits to library and research’s other alternatives, viz. the frequent and tiring visits to library wear out a student so heavily that a day in library is passed without any writing or other task being accomplished, the strain and annoyance for trying to find a particular edition of a certain writer, the multiple laps from aisle to another aisle, even after going through such intense & exhausting couple of hours tainted with continuous diligent searching; students still couldn’t seek out certain books and sources, all in all it gulps almost a week of same hectic searching sprees to get the desired accumulated data. It merely doesn’t take up so much of precious time of students but it also makes them cranky and the work less interesting. While internet saves so much of your time, bestows with you the literature that can no way be available at any of your whole country’s libraries, and internet only takes couple of lone minutes to amass all that information and sources which had been compiled from a library in weeks! Published at: https://www.isnare.com/?aid=866595&ca=Education
There are a lot of great places to spend time, but by far one of my favorite places to spend a quiet afternoon is at my local library. Libraries are one of the best kept secrets in any town or city. Most people I know have forgotten the treasure of libraries and to most children libraries are a foreign thing. Libraries provide the perfect place to study or read. Everyone knows that quietness is expected for all people in a library. You can go to a library with a long list of things to accomplish and trust that it will be quiet and conducive to getting work done. Sometimes the best thing for stressed and busy people is to enjoy a few hours of quiet to just think and process. Libraries can be the perfect place to do just that. Another obvious but important reason to frequent libraries is to make use of the incredible resources for learning. You can research information on practically anything and find great sources of knowledge. There is a huge selection of old and new books to be read, and many libraries have large online databases and other sources for curious learners. If you are wanting to learn something new, look no further than the abundance of resources libraries offer. Libraries are great places to instill the value of making learning a fun and consistent part of life to children. Parents can utilize the resources of libraries to teach their children to enjoy books and reading. Many libraries even offer special reading hours for children to gather and be read to each week. No child is too young to be introduced to a great library. Instead of making Saturday morning a time for sleeping in or television watching, consider making it a habit to spend Saturdays at a local library. One of the best reasons to utilize libraries is to be wise with your financial resources while supporting your local community. While it is becoming increasingly popular to spend time and money at bookstores, many people spend a lot of money on books they read once or never. Libraries provide a logical and wise alternative. You can visit libraries as often as you like to find new books that you might be interested in reading. Save money buy checking out a book from your library and read it to see if you even like it. Libraries also offer a wide variety of music and movies that can be checked out for little or no fee. If there is an album you just cannot wait to hear, find it at a library and check it out before you make the purchase at a local music shop. Libraries are a great way to save your valuable money. People are encouraged to read more when libraries make the resource of books free. We all know that reading is a great habit to have, so the next time you have a free hour stop at a local library and see how libraries can benefit you and your family. Published at: https://www.isnare.com/?aid=51871&ca=Education
In the past libraries were mainly about books, books and more books, which is great. Books are so important for us whatever age or stage we are. These days there’s a lot more going on in your local library than ever before. Some of the activities on offer across all of Derby include, regular story time, Chatterbook groups for the young ones, e-book library, Reading Chain for adults, lunch time poetry readings to name but a few. Derby has many state-of-the-art libraries run by the Derby City Council. There will be one close to you with so many libraries to choose from. Here is a list of some of the local Derby libraries: · Allenton Library: Postal address is; Poole Street, Allenton, Derby DE24 9DE- Phone 01332 64231 -Library Manager: Shirley Maund · Allestree Library: Postal address is: Park Farm Centre, Allestree, Derby DE22 2QN-Phone 01332 380712- Library Manager: Christine Heward · Alvaston Library: Postal address is: 1252-1254 London Road, Alvaston, Derby DE24 8QP-Phone 01332 380712- Library Managers: Jas Bolla, Catherine Mitchell · Blagreaves Library: Postal address is: Blagreaves Lane, Littleover, Derby DE23 1PT-Phone 01332 255403- Library Manager: Collette Levers · Derby Central Library: Postal address is: The Wardwick, Derby DE1 1HS-Phone 01332 641702-Library Manager: Paul Rodgers · Chaddesden Library: Postal address is: Chaddesden Park, Chaddesden, Derby DE21 6LN-Phone 01332 672352- Library Manager: Dawn Gebski · Chellaston Library: Postal address is: Chellaston Library, Barley Croft, Chellaston Derby DE73 6TU-Phone 01332 702614-Library Manager: Ricki Roche · Derwent Community Library: Postal address is: Revive Healthy Living Centre, Roe Farm Lane, Chaddesden, Derby DE21 6ET-Phone 01332 642250-Library Manager: Mark Eldridge · Derby Home Library Service: Postal address is: Blagreaves Lane, Littleover, Derby DE23 1PT-Phone 01332 255409-Library Manager: Paula Brown · Derby Library Headquarters: Postal address is: Derby City Libraries, Roman House, Friar Gate, Derby DE1 1XB-Phone 01332 64179- Head of Library Services: David Potton · Derby Local Studies Library: Postal address is: 25b Irongate, Derby, Derby DE1 3GL-Phone 01332 642240-Library Manager: Mark Young · Mackwworth Library: Postal address is: Prince Charles Avenue, Mackworth, Derby DE22 4BG- Phone 01332 380712-Library Manager: Helen Macrae · Mickleover Library: Postal address is: Holly End Road, Mickleover, Derby, DE3 0EA-Phone 01332 718926-Library Manager: Jenny Shaw · Pear Tree Library: Postal address is: Pear Tree Road, Derby, DE23 8NQ-Phone 01332 715260-Library Manager: Charan Rattu · Sinfin Library: Postal address is District Centre, Arleston Lane, Sinfin, Derby DE24 3DS-Phone 01332 711302-Library Manager: Dave Warren · Spondon Library: Postal address is: Sitwell Street, Spondon, Derby, DE21 7FG-Phone 01332 380712-Library Manager: Vicky Harrison · Springwood Library: Postal address is: Springwood Library, Springwood Leisure Centre, Springwood Drive, Oakwood, Derby, DE21 2RQ-Phone 01332 669123-Library Manager: Karen Varnava Derby Central Library This wonderfully historic yet up-to-date library, with wheelchair access, houses a large collection of books, eBook’s, language courses and e-reference library, citizenship courses and other books available in a vast range of languages and formats. This central and well know landmark also offers regular advice sessions about home energy to help you save money. There are lots of other regular events to suit everyone. Here they have the Chatterbooks children group. The children meet in a safe yet creative place. Your children can enjoy arts and crafts, reading stories and singing songs. Library Catalogue You can search for books using the library catalogue. If what you’re looking for is been taken out by another person, you can put a hold on it for free. All you need to do is give your borrowers number and PIN. If you don’t have PIN number contact your local library and they will help you get your PIN number for no charge. You can browse the library catalogue online and order your books to be sent to your local Derby library. Joining Derby Library Anyone can join a Derby library if you are a resident of Derby. If you work or study in Derby you can also join the library. If you’re just visiting for a short time, they will allow you to join as a guest. You need to show proof of your name and address. You can bring in your driver’s license, gas or electricity bill, medical card or Gold Card. You can use the library as soon as you get signed up. You will be able to keep the books for up to four weeks from the date you borrowed them. You can renew your books by telephone or by coming into the library. Derby Library E-Books You can get your e-books really easily just download the free software and activate it. Look through the library catalog and download the book of your choice. You just need to use a valid library card. Late fees and damaged items The standard late fee is 16p a day for each book and up to a maximum of 6.40 for each book. The Concessionary late fee is 5p a day for each book and up to a maximum of 2 for each book. Audio books are the same standard late fee as regular book fees. If you lose or damage any of the books including the audio books you will be charged for the full current replacement cost that has been in the library stock for up to two years. Derby Library Lending Services You can borrow up to twenty audio books for four weeks. Audio books are available in compact disc or cassette. You may have to pay a hire charge which is 70p. If you are on Incapacity Benefit, Working Families Tax Credit, Job Seekers Allowance, Income Support or you are sixty and over there is no charge. Joining the Library Online You can join the library online. Go to the website: www.derby.gov.uk.com and go to the library section. Click where it says join online and fill in the form. The library will email you your library card and PIN. You will be able to place books on hold with this information. If you decide you want to use the Lending Services you must pick up your library card from your local library. You will still need to show identification to get your card. Derby Library Archive The Derby Library Archive is at the County Hall Local Studies Library, Libraries and Heritage Department, County Hall, MATLOCK, Derbyshire DE4 3AG. The County Hall Local Studies Library in Matlock holds the complete Derbyshire Census returns. The Buxton Library has copies of the High Peak area. They also have access to the local newspapers dating back to the mid 1800’s. Buxton Library, Kents banks School, Kents Banks Road, BUXTON SK17 9HJ The Sheffield Local Studies Library has local history books and printed parish register transcriptions. Sheffield Local Studies Library, Central Library, Surrey Street, Sheffield S1 1XZ Derby Library Events Sign up for your free library newsletter on the library website. It will let you know about upcoming events at your local library. It will also give you reviews on books. It will tell you what books are coming out. They give you a lot of information for upcoming events for your local library. Published at: https://www.isnare.com/?aid=1168168&ca=Computers+and+Technology
Imagine a time when you could get any audio book you want to read from the library without having to physically visit the library to lend the audio books. Well, imagine no more because it is now possible. Public libraries from New York City to Alameda, California are now leading the packs of libraries that have begun allowing members to download audio books which they can listen to on their Personal Computers or portal audio book players such as PDAs — all from the comfort of their homes or offices. From Tom Clancy’s techno-thrillers, Arabic, Spanish, French tutorials to as many titles as possible, librarians can now enjoy the best of audio books without having to leave their homes or offices. What better way for libraries to stay needed and relevant in the new digital age than this? With the Internet, many people are beginning to lose interest in the libraries, but this move will help the libraries to retain their memberships. When asked what prompted this development, Barbara Nichols Randal, the director of the Guilderland Public Library in suburban Albany, explained that they took the needs of their younger readers and other people that were too busy to visit the library into consideration before coming up with this move. Specifically, she said, “This is a way for us to have library access 24/7”. For example, the Madison Public Library has access to a subscription database of audio book content. It provides this service for people who want to access this information from the comfort of their homes or offices, without having to physically visit the library. The name of this subscription database of audio book content is OverDrive. Anyone that has a LINK library card and access to the Internet can benefit from using OverDrive. Note that while some of the libraries allow you to download and even copy their audio books into your PC and/or other portable CD or MP3 players, others don’t. With those that do not allow downloading or burning of their audio books, you will only be able to read them on your computer… while being connected to the Internet. Whichever service or library you prefer, the point is that you can benefit from the audio book without leaving the comfort of your home or office. Take the time to search for the particular library that you prefer and register with them. Some of them offer free registration for particular periods of time, while others charge a token fee to access their database of audio books. Published at: https://www.isnare.com/?aid=164745&ca=Education
Will libraries becoming increasingly virtual, the librarian becoming a knowledge navigator? Or will libraries disappear as the world goes wifi – will Google become the future library? Or will place remain central, as libraries become anchor tenants in co-located in commercial and public transit-orientated developments? Or is social justice what libraries are really about – a place for empowering, for creating a better society, finding spaces for young and old, for books and digital media? The library, while appearing to be stable has changed throughout history. It has moved from being elite based, for the few that could read, to being a public space, and funded by the public has well, instead of by wealthy benefactors. And while the advent of the printing press changed the nature of the library, moving it from the monastery and the painstaking efforts of monk scribes, the recent digitalization of the world is leading to even more dramatic transformations. The library has entered a contested domain – its definition, its bundle of services are up for grabs – who defines it, who pays for it, what are its basic purposes. And with the onset of edu-tainment and as the peer-to-peer knowledge revolution, might libraries become places not just for receiving knowledge but for directly creating knowledge. Other issues that challenge a stable future for libraries include: • Local and state governments dramatically decreasing their funds for libraries – other financial models – user pays, McLibrary. • Users changing from the young to the aged OR from the aged to the young. • Libraries buildings as examples of “green” and even developing cradle to grave green technologies for books and for facilities design. • The library as a place for escape from a chaotic world, eg the Slow Movement: slow time, slow learning – slow everything – as the world quickens and moves to hypertime and culture, libraries find niches by providing places of quietness and calm. • The librarian becoming a digital avatar, interacting with users, learning about their changing needs, and even in the longer term, organizing our memories. • The off-shore Call Centre Library. • Death of the book – continuing emergence of new media formats. The impact of these emerging issues point to libraries changing dramatically from today – particularly in the areas of funding and location; purpose and skill sets for librarians and core activities. But would libraries be more digital or slow; for the young or the aged; in suburbs or co-located in denser cities? Which future? SCENARIOS OF THE FUTURE There are four plausible futures. The first is the “Lean, Mean, Information Machine.” This future would arise from concern about the costs of buildings, space becoming too valuable and libraries moving down the list of core priorities for funding. Libraries in this future would need to seek funding through philanthropy to supplement government funding. The choices would be: from the user, from community groups, from Federal and Global grants and from corporate sponsorship. With the expected rise in triple bottom line reporting, it was anticipated that corporate sponsorship may become more attractive as libraries would be an easy and safe way to show that they were good corporate citizens – helping young and old. The role of some librarians would shift, becoming entrepreneurial, a broker of services and entities (community groups, corporations, city, state and federal authorities). The second scenario is the opposite of this. Civilizing the world, civilizing ourselves is the foundational purpose of the library. No corporation should fund it, as over time market values would poison human values. The purpose of the library is that of community builder – providing ideas to all, those who can and those who cannot afford. Books cannot be overlaid with digital sponsorship, purity must be kept. However, the best way to serve as community builders is to go to the community. “Co-location for Community Capacity Building ” is the title of this scenario. Libraries move to areas of intersection – of young and old, poor and rich, information savvy and digitally challenged. Among possible areas could be transport hubs. Libraries could continue to develop as anchor tenants, co-existing with other government service providers, with coffee shops and commercial tenants. As passengers stepped out of light city rail carriages, they would enter the library. In front to them would be transparent glass, the lighting illuminating knowledge. Libraries would have multiple shifting rooms, focused on the needs of different groups. Or libraries could segment, based on citizen travel patterns. Some libraries would be more classical – book focused, other edutainment, others as places for social community groups to meet …Or libraries could change during the day – shifting who they were from noon to three pm to evening time. The librarian would need to be multi-skilled, understanding the diverse needs of different age groups, ethnicities, community groups – engagement with the community would be primary. The library in this future would model what it meant to be civilized: deep and diverse democracy! In a third scenario, the library and the librarian becomes a “Knowledge Navigator”. Users would see and then create – use information to create new knowledge, new communities, learn and recreate. Libraries would be a hybrid of physical and virtual space with cutting edge technologies, cultural maps of the world, to help users develop their interests, find connection to each other and find their place in the changing digital world. The library would be an ‘experience’. For those new to the digital world and for emerging technologies they would , it could train them, ensuring democratic and enabling access for all; for those adept, it would create games for them to learn, indeed, gaming may become a metaphor for the library. Users would find their knowledge treasures through clues left by the knowledge navigator or other users engaged in knowledge sharing and production – the division between the fun of electronic gaming and the seriousness of the library would breakdown. Public space would became an open and porous, local and global public space. The last scenario, takes the knowledge navigator future but makes the tough observation – given the billions of dollars Google and other web engines have to play with, and given the skill sets of their employees and owners, what makes us think libraries can survive. Aren’t they the “Dinosaurs of the Digital Knowledge Era”. The globalization of the coffee shop eats up one market; digital search portals eat up another market, until through continuous dis-aggregation there is very little left. The future of the library is easy to predict – there won’t be any. Funding will move to other core areas for cities – traffic, water, dealing with global warming, competing for young people in an aging society; post-oil energy problems. Libraries will slip down the priority radar as they will not be seen as a response to these issues. Many librarians as well are unable to meet the challenge of the skills shift. They are unable to be relevant with the new world dis-order. As the library monopoly dies, other competitors enter the fray and foundationally change the nature of the library. A few survive as some still want to see and touch books, but with the virtual book about to include physical senses, the writing is already on the virtual wall. WHICH FUTURE? Will one future emerge triumphant? Or will there be a mix and match? Which ever future results, for the librarian, this can be both a trying time to be working, or the best of all possible times, where new futures are emerging, and where she and he can weave the strands of alternatives and create a new future for and of libraries. Published at: https://www.isnare.com/?aid=68215&ca=Education
Getting an assignment to do a critical analysis of literature can be daunting due to those scary words critical, analysis, and literature. Yet, if we approach that assignment in an exploratory manner, it becomes quite doable. That would be to pull apart a story, poetry, or drama and then put it back together in a way that shows your exploration. While it might still seem overwhelming at first, as the unknown can be, the assignment becomes manageable as you examine the literature, create some sort of point about it, and discover that you have backup. Make an argument that you can stand up for and then work to defend that idea. Then the only frightening entity is the library, and we’ll work on that.
It’s a good feeling to complete an analysis-sort of like taking apart a clock and putting it back together, the difference being that you can throw away the parts that are left over. But, you have to start somewhere, and without a plan you easily fall into procrastination. So, become clear that your starting point is the literature itself. Begin by examining that literature, the era, and the author, and consider what issues might be involved. That, of course, requires reading, and some literature can be terribly hard to read due to length and/or archaic language. It helps to lean on summaries and analyses to get you into the literature. But you must force yourself to read through the piece and to gain as much understanding as possible. Don’t labor over the fact that it’s hard to understand. Make notes on issues and points that stand out for you, and give yourself time to think until you’ve formulated an idea.
Once you have a fairly good grasp of the target literature, you are ready to start pulling it apart; for example, if your target literature is “The Three Little Pigs,” you will note that pigs, a wolf, and three houses are involved in the story. Also, there are issues of how to build a house, and there’s a lot of huffing and puffing. What are some other possible issues? Was one of the pigs smarter than the others? Was there truly a physical threat, or was the big bad wolf just a bully full of hot air? When was the story written and by whom? What sorts of things were going on in that time, and did those events drive the story in some way? How was the author(s) related to those issues and events?
Now you want to know more. You have already been warned to not rely on un-authored or questionably-authored websites, but the Wiki temptation is far too great. So why not sneak a look. A quick scan lets you know that, not only is the story of three pigs shrouded in mysterious meaning, its origins are in questions, and much like the pants in The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants, the story continues to reappear, and this has been going on for centuries. It appears you have plenty to write about, perhaps too much, so it’s time to narrow down the topics to one topic with an angle and manageable issues. Issues might include the elements of the story, interpretations, origins of the story, and the fact that the story is persistently ongoing. Those are issues, but something is missing-the argument! What’s the point? What point could you possibly make about a silly little fairy tale? Or is it only that-a fairy tale? Perhaps it’s a living thing that sprung out of mortality and culture-a living morphing entity about animals that are really people, written by everyone over time to help people avoid being such inhuman animals that aren’t that smart and/or who occasionally act like hot-air bullies.
As you think about all the issues you realize there are plenty of angles to be taken, and the more you learn the more possibilities will emerge. Your perspective on the knowledge will determine your angle; that angle is your theory, and you will become ready to defend it with resources far more credible than Wikipedia. So, start with the few issues that have quickly become clear: 1) the lesson in “The Three Little Pigs” is meaningful to humans and it’s anthropomorphic, 2) the story is deeply embedded in culture, 3) and it continues to morph and thrive. Now you must encapsulate your idea into one sentence; for example: “The Three Little Pigs” is meaningful to humans though it’s anthropomorphic; it is deeply embedded in culture, and it continues to morph and thrive. That is a strong idea that contains several parts: lessons-story morals as teaching tools, humanly meaningful, animals as humans, embedded in culture, and morphing and thriving. But it is only the first draft, a working version of the thesis statement, and it’s open for change as you learn more.
You now have enough to create a first draft of an outline, a working outline. At this point, it could be as follows:
III. Humanly meaningful
V. Embedded in culture
VI. Morphing and thriving
Now you have your working thesis statement and outline. Of course, each of the entries in the outline needs to be developed, and the question is where can you go for reliable information? You have already been warned to not rely on un-authored or questionably-authored websites. If you don’t know who wrote the information, how can you be assured it is credible? We are so fortunate that the college library is so well organized and accessible through off-site access via the internet. Go to Galileo and begin your search. You need to be patience and take an approach of exploration. Many students give up on the library quickly if they cannot figure out what to search for and how to sort through the stacks. The trick is to learn where to search and what key search words to use. It’s often a chore of trial and error, so you must be patient and continue trying until you have several substantial resources.
You might begin by doing a general search of the title “The Three Little Pigs.” That’s easy, but it turns up a mind-boggling number of retold and adapted versions and at least one graphic novel. There doesn’t appear to be an actual original book entitled “The Three Little Pigs.” This is telling you something about the origins of the story. There are books with architectural perspectives on the story, one article entitled “What if the three pigs tried conflict mediation?” and one entitled, “Wolf is the victim in the ‘Three Little Pigs’ tale.” The search reveals little pigs stories from Germany, England, from Italy, African-American, and on and on. Galileo yields some scholarly information about the oral origins of fairy tales and the early-1800s collections of stories by the Grimm brothers. Also, you find articles on the lesson-teaching aspect of stories throughout centuries. Though there is nothing specific about “The Three Little Pigs,” you can assume much from studies on the cultural rootedness of the oral-tradition fairy tales. From this cursory search you now have two resources: Kinder-und Hausmärchen, (1812, 1815; revised, 1819-1822) (English translation, 1823-1826), and “‘Mind you stay on the path!’: The representation of the parent-child relationship in stories for children” by Gabrina Pounds. In the prefatory information to their collections, the Grimm brothers explain how and why they put the works together. Also, other commentaries speak to the issues of the stories being embedded in European culture and specifically German culture.
Now as you revise your outline, you might want to move some issues around and consider the order of issues in your thesis statement as it becomes clearer that there are actually three primary matters: origins of the story, the lesson of the story, and the continued morphing of the story. So, you are tightening the outline in that sense; yet, you are also adding to it for a more detailed version of the working outline.
A. Reason for interest
B. Thesis argument: Though “The Three Little Pigs” arose out of the cultural needs of its time through oral tradition as an anthropomorphic survival lesson, it continues to morph and thrive today.
II. Origins and author(s) of the literature
A. embedded in culture via oral tradition
B. early collections of fairy tales
A. Story morals as teaching tools
II. Continued morphing and thriving
A. Retellings and Disney
B. New reasons for telling the story and new angles on morals
The Order of the First Draft
This is the time to begin the first draft. While you may not yet have all the necessary resources, it is clear that you have the points and you can develop each idea. While it seems logical to begin with the introduction, it’s more reasonable to start with the body and then come back to add the intro. The body of the paper is comprised of the elucidation and justification of your issues; in other words, explain them. Once those issues are buffed out in the body of the paper, you can think more clearly about how to pull in the reader to your argument. That’s the best time to create the introduction. The introductory paragraph(s) should provide a strong overview of the issues, and it should contain your thesis statement. It’s difficult to deliver a clear overview of the issues before you have fully fleshed them out. After you have a solid introduction, begin writing your conclusion, which is a reiteration of your analysis with your final inferences and then words to encourage the reader to explore more. So, there’s the logic to writing the paper in that order. Wait until you have the body of the paper drafted before you try to pull in the reader and offer up a conclusion.
The body of the paper is made up of your defense of the issues of your thesis argument. The first is the origin of the story, which becomes apparent despite all the folklore fogginess of fairytales and oral traditions. A story of three pigs attempting to survive a known predator rose out of culture from before the 1800s in Europe. Though research does not yield specific evidence of the exact origin of any one fairy tale, you find that fairy tales all evolved in that manner, as teaching tools for agricultural families who hoped to put the fear of predators into their children so they would avoid danger. The story of the pigs, as the story of Little Red Riding Hood and her wolf, were eventually, in the early 1800s, anthologized by the Grimm brothers, and of course, they were not written by the brothers Jacob and Wilhelm. Those facts are defended by literary historians such as Jack Zipes in “The Vibrant Body of the Grimms’ Folk and Fairy Tales, Which Do Not Belong to the Grimms,” his introduction to The Magic Spell of the Grimms’ Folk and Fairy Tales.
These tales that were not the Grimms’ tales-that is, all the tales in their corpus were not theirs and were not even the property of the informants-fascinated the Brothers, and they felt that the unique qualities of the tales ultimately came from some divine source. They also believed that the common people were the carriers of these narratives. This is the reason why they insisted on their purity while rewriting or even censoring them so that the stories would illuminate and enlighten readers. (Zipes 18)
Most farmers did not read and write in those earlier centuries, and they had reasons to fear harm for their children from critters, the forest, roving strangers, and even neighbors. That was the culture of pre-modern times, and oral moralistic stories grew right out of that farming culture, with animals and threats, and parental warning, as discussed by Gabriel Pounds in “Mind you stay on the path!” (143)
So, who wrote “The Little Pigs”? The answer is everyone! Each teller and writer of the story added his and her augmentation, hyperbole, total retelling, and illustrations. All of those things happen before the story was ever published, and they continue beyond its publication. The Grimm brothers, of course, did not write The Three Little Pigs,” but it’s clear they augmented it to fit their collection.
Although the Grimms maintained that they did not alter the words of the tales that they collected from the lips of their informants, and that all their tales stemmed from the oral tradition, none of this is true. A simple comparison of the tales in the Olenberg manuscript of 1810 with the tales in the first edition of 1812/15 reveals that the Grimms made or had to make substantial changes because it was difficult for them and their contributors to copy down on paper the exact words of the tales that they heard. Moreover, the Grimms also began adapting tales from books published from the fifteenth through the eighteenth century. In short, none of their tales could ever be designated as “pure,” “authentic,” or “original.” The Grimms actually knew this, and yet they used those terms because they believed their tales bore the traces of a profound oral tradition. They felt justified to proclaim that their tales were “genuine” and “pure” because the changes that they made were based on their understanding of the “natural” poetics of oral storytelling, and the more they did research about the oral tradition, the more they felt confident in their skills as writers to re-present the unique elements of traditional stories. Incidentally, most collectors worked this way in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. (Zipes, pp.8, 9)
The theory of the origins of “The Three Little Pigs” can be extrapolated from a study of the oral tradition and fairy tales in general, and that has already been done. For your analysis it’s simply a matter of summarized the studies and perhaps paraphrasing main points (as shown above), and adding a sparse quotes when they truly hit the nail on the head, being careful to document carefully with in-text citation.
Now you can move on to the second issue, that of the humanness in the meaning of the story and its anthropomorphic nature. Remember, there are architectural issues related to the structures of houses and there is bullish huffing and puffing. That brings us back to its agricultural origins and the availability of farm animals and their predators. We can imagine the children of that time and their familiarity with animals and their adult-induced fear of predators. We can formulate our own interpretation if we’re able to put ourselves into the era. Naturally, parents want their children to use human smarts to outwit marauders. Along with that, there is the notion of building on firm foundations, a dutiful concept and a human need. Our children need safety, and they can relate to safety issues of animals, perhaps even more than to themselves. While these concepts are embedded in German culture, they exist in all cultures. They transfer to other cultures easily.
In today’s globalized world the connections are such that the Grimms’ “German” legacies have had a binding effect in other cultures. The bonds created by the Grimms’ tales that entail an understanding of the “we” in cultural memory, tales that did not belong to the Grimms, are highly unusual and account for the their remarkable popularity because they touch us in profound ways that break down national barriers. (Zipes, 31)
Other ideas arise as you continue researching; there are theories about what the wolf represents, and while there may well be issues behind that, most of the original storytellers and audiences would not have had awareness of them. It’s only through hindsight and with painstaking scrutiny of cultural history that such issues begin to take meaning. Nevertheless, the more complex and theoretical must wait for another more extended assignment or, perhaps, lifetime. For this assignment, it’s important to confine your analysis to manageable issues.
The third issue is that of how the story continued into modern literature and how it now continues into the contemporary American canon. Due to The Grimm Brothers Anthology of Fairy Tales, the story became a staple of children’s stories, and an early reader for many children, and one that is easily read to children. It seems most children even today, literate or not, can provide the gist of the story. The pigs managed to show up in the Disney movie, Shriek, and in the words of poet Roald Dahl:
The Three Little Pigs
Ah, Piglet, you must never trust
Young ladies from the upper crust.
For now, Miss Riding Hood, one notes,
Not only has two wolfskin coats,
But when she goes from place to place,
She has a PIGSKIN TRAVELING CASE. (Dahl)
Back to the Library
With all those daunting things out of the way, we still have the library to revisit. It can become our nemeses or our best friend, our adversary or our advocate. It can slow you down in a rush to find resources, or it can cut through the weeds and offer strong scholarly good stuff to boost your argument and a grade.
As I began this little piggy lit exercise, the first step was to do a quick internet search, which brought up titles of retold versions of the story and a Wikipedia article. Though I cannot count those sources as scholarly, I definitely learn something from the search. I discovered that the accounts of the three little pigs are all retellings and there is a literary history of fairy tales from European oral tradition, perhaps back to the twelfth century and up to the Grimm’s anthologies. The Wiki article also lists scholarly references, helping me to realize this is not a futile venture. The next library step was frustrating because when I searched Galileo for “The Three Little Pigs,” it continued to direct me to all those retelling of the story. That required a bit of walking away from Galileo and returning to it later with fresh ideas. I then tried several more precise searches, such as who wrote the story of The Three Little Pigs, the origins of the three little pigs, and fairy tales, and others. The longer I played search, the more I tripped over articles that flanked my thesis issues. I also looked into those scholarly references that Wiki provided. I did not find one meaty article that defiantly explained those issues, but I had credible articles with peripheral information enough to support the argument that the story is a work in progress. Library searches can feel like hard work or they can be approach as exploratory play. Pick the approach that works for you.
The Final Draft
Once you have completed your first draft you have much of the work done. It’s now a matter of buffing up, smoothing out, and tweaking. Then, once you see what have, you can carefully and sparingly add summary, paraphrases, and quotations from the scholarly library resources to boost your argument. Be sure to document each one with in-text citations and list your resources on a works cited page. Then you can complete the final draft of your outline. Go through the paper paragraph by paragraph several times to be sure you have good sentence structures, cohesive paragraphs, and effective transitions from paragraph to paragraph, and good overall flow. Finally, do extremely careful proofreading in three steps: one as line by line, a second as word for word, and a third for formatting issues.
Writing a critical analysis of literature is simply a mental process, and once it is seen in manageable parts, the process is not the big bad wolf it might have been. As does a smart porker’s house, it requires a strong foundation of a thesis statement and primary issues, library research for scholarly resources, and a human brain to think it through. Try it; you’ll like it or at least be able to tolerate it to complete an assignment. The great part of doing this sort of critical analysis is that it develops our brains, yielding skills that are amazingly transferable.
Aesop’s Fables. Edited and with an introduction and notes by D. L. Ashliman. Translated by V. S. Vernon Jones. Illustrations by Arthur Rackham. New York: Barnes & Noble Classics, 2003. ISBN 1-59308-062-X. xxxiv, 269 pp.
Dahl, Roald. “The Three Little Pigs.” All Poetry.com
Grimm, Jacob and Grimm, Wilhelm. The Original Folk and Fairy Tales of the Brothers Grimm: The Complete First Edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 2014.
A Guide to Folktales in the English Language: Based on theh Aarne-Thompson Classification System. Bibliographies and Indexes in World Literature, vol. 11. Westport (Connecticut), New York, and London: Greenwood Press, 1987. ISBN 0-313-25961-5. xvi, 384 pages.
Kinder und Hausmärchen, 1812, 1815; revised, 1819-1822 (English translation, 1823-1826)
Pounds, Gabrina. ‘Mind you stay on the path!’ The representation of the parent-child relationship in stories for children. Critical Discourse Studies. Vol. 7, No. 2, May 2010, 143-156.
Zipes, Jack. “The Vibrant Body of the Grimms’ Folk and Fairy Tales, Which Do Not Belong to the Grimms.” The Magic Spell of the Grimms’ Folk and Fairy Tales. Princeton University Press. 2014.
Global TESOL Orientation Guide: Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages Amazon– http://www.amazon.com/Global-Tesol-Teaching-Speakers-Languages/dp/0578110857/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1387501251&sr=8-1
English Language Learners in College http://libguides.daltonstate.edu/Englishlanguagelearnersincollege
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Whilst in Louisvlle attending a seminar on contemporary American literature and touring various sites of cultural interest the University Library was one of those sites that had a never-fading impression on my mind not only for its unique architectural plan but for other inexpressible qualities that make it an ideal place for quiet and serene study. My first visit was when the Director of our program led us there for an induction into the use of computers and the internet in literature research. The room we were led into for the class was fully equipped with computers in all the over fifty desks for students and a master screen monitor for the instructor. Many other rooms including the state of art auditorium were equally well equipped.
I passed through the library on many other occasions. But the most significant one was when on my way from the University post office the thought occurred to me of recording the beautiful vistas of the campus in pictures as well as in mind and one such was the Ekstrom Library which represented to me the focal point of all the other libraries scattered at various ends of the expansive campus.
I took about two views of this building and I was still gaping in wonder especially at the bewitching splendor of its frontage with readers combining eating and relaxing. I was particularly struck by its inviting, comfortable, and open space teeming with students and bustling with activity, a lovely terrace equipped with outdoor furniture, facing a pleasantly inviting green outdoor space, exploiting the favorably warm climactic conditions here for enjoying nature. Taking advantage of the generally mild Kentucky weather with its ample, inviting green space, students can study or just catch a break at a number of outdoor tables on the terrace. On nice days, there are few better places to study-and certainly it makes for an inviting entry
I found myself wandering in to get a better view. As I wandered through I remembered my mission of seeking support for our resources-starved university libraries in Sierra Leone. My search for the head led me into the office of Mr David Hogarth who instantly became an able facilitator of my mission enabling me within a week to meet the Dean of libraries.
Whilst awaiting my appointment with her I was led on a tour of various parts of the Ekstrom library. This library, I learnt, holds more than 1.1 million and 5,100 journal subscriptions supporting research and curricula in the humanities, social sciences, business and education. It also contains large collections of microforms, government publications, multi-media and current periodicals, the Granville A. Bunton Pan African Collection, the Barbara S.Miller Multiracial Children’s literature Collection and the Bingham Poetry Collection.
The Rare Books and Photographic Archives provide rare research sources for scholars and other researchers. African American collections, English, European, and American Literatures collections together with the substantial space given to reference and reserved books make this library a very significant research as well as information disseminating tool. But it is also a repository and exhibitor of many prized manuscripts and other documents like for example the outstanding 1482 first printing of Euclid’s Elementia and a copy of the Principia with annotations in Newton’s hand. The working collection of Richard M. Kain, and the first editions and manuscripts of James Joyce and W.B. Yeats preserve much of Irish Literary Renaissance heritage. There is also quite a good collection of Modern English and American writers with noteworthy editions by 1890’s authors and books as well as autographed letters from members of the Bloomsbury Group.
A famous and ever-growing and rich collection of special materials, archives and photography include:
Roy and Dela White Collection of Edgar Rice Burroughs.
Arthur J. Slavin.Collection of English History.
Hattie Winston Collection of African- American Scripts and Screen Plays.
Irwin Hilliard Archive of Fine Bindings.
Billy Davis 111 Collection of Aerial Photography.
Other special collections include the James Chandler World War Posters and Lafin Allen’s Kentucky Maps.
The photographic Archives houses more than 2 million photographs and manuscripts as well as fine art prints. It also offers printing services and a rotating series of exhibits.
The Roy Stryker Papers include photographs and manuscripts from documentary projects directed by Stryker at the Farm Security Administration, Standard Oil Company and Jones and Laughlin Steel. The Cautfield and Shook Royal Photo and Lin Caufield collections consist of photographs from Louisville’s past. Whilst the Lean Thomas, Matlack Studio, Arthur Y Ford and Henderson Settlement School collections document life and culture in Appalachia. 2,000 prints by many notable American artists such as Paul Caponegro and Gary Winogrand constitute the library’s Fine Print Collection.
The library also serves a much wider community beyond the campus.Through e-mail, phone or in person one could request and receive help or even fix a session with a research librarian here. A Cardinal card enables you to check out up to 99 items at a time and renew books on-line. Visiting academics are entitled to inter-library loans of up to 15 books. A University of Louisville student enjoys the privilege of searching for items reserved for his class on-line. Minerva gives on-line access to catalogues and gateways to many collections. University of Louisville distance learners could access off-campus through their ULINK username and password both library assignments by their professors and electronic databases of library resources for self-directed research from non-University of Louisville internet addresses.
Ekstrom Library houses and lends resources to the Delphi and the Writing Centers. The Delphi Center helps professors use technology in their teaching and prepares them to teach courses online. The writing center assists students, professors and staffs with writing projects and holds workshops on improving writing skills. Through this center an appointment with a writing consultant could be scheduled and important writing resources found.
The University of Louisville libraries a conglomerate of libraries stocking books on few selected disciplines such as music, visual art, health sciences, engineering, physical science and technology at the time of my tour was in the process of moving in to Ekstrom the main library, the over 149,000 volumes constituting the engineering, physical science and technology books and journals.
Besides the William Ekstrom main Library, the University library network consists of: The Kornhauser Health Sciences Library; The Dwight Anderson Music Library; The Margaret M. Bindwell Art Library; and The University Archives and Records Center.
The Kornhauser Health Sciences Library a comprehensive and the most current health sciences information resource center is also a “Regional Resource Library” in the National Network of Libraries of Medicine. It represents a significant resource for the entire health sciences community of the Louisville metropolitan area and the western half of Kentucky. It has over 250,000 volumes, 2,700 journal subscriptions, audiovisual materials and a variety of electronic formats. It stocks numerous items relating to health care in Kentucky and the Trans-Appalachian West, including historical collections, the medical school archives, book manuscripts and physical objects.
The Dwight Anderson Music Library providing user-centered services offers seamless access to information resources in all formats and serves as a center for teaching and learning which supports the University of Louisville School of Music curriculum and research. It houses the largest academic music collection in Kentucky including the Gravemeyer Collection of Contemporary Music comprising all submissions to the internationally renowned Music Composition Award as well as a large assortment of sheet music containing thousands of Louisville imprints celebrating the history of music publishing in the city and the “Traipin Woman” collection with its emphasis on American folk song.
The Margaret M. Bridwell Art Library with its more than 80,000 volumes is a gateway to information for teaching, research and scholarship in art, design, art history and architectural history. It subscribes to over 300 domestic and foreign journals and museum bulletins. It has also hundreds of videos and provides access to the major electronic and print indexes. Subjects covered here include painting, drawing, sculpture, print-making, photography, architectural history 45, interior design, graphic design, art education, pottery, fiber arts and decorative arts. It also holds approximately 3,000 rare and scarce volumes and about 150 linear feet of archival materials.
The librarians strive concertedly with academic staff to meet the information literacy and research needs of a diverse population recognizing that libraries are an essential tool in the University’s mission to become a premier nationally recognized metropolitan university.
The University of Louisville libraries is guided in all its undertakings by its vision that libraries are the academic heart of the university and a place for discovery and learning outside the classroom and the lab. They therefore seek to participate as active and integral partners in meaningful learning, outstanding teaching and effective research. Users are therefore always being instructed on information availability and use. Services and resources are tailored to suit the varying needs of users. Library staff thus identify, evaluate and select materials of varying formats to develop collections that meet user needs. They also apply technology, research and instructional innovations to enhance services and access to traditional and electronic collections.
Rapid expansion in stocks, rapid technological advancement including the introduction of a robotic retrieval system has enabled more books than could be retained in the library halls being stacked in trays which are accessed by computers on user request. The system gives the library enough space for over three million volumes. The less frequently used volumes will be loaded into the system, and students can still browse titles in open stacks in the old wing of the library. Books stored in the RRS are identified as such in MINERVA, the library’s catalog. To request the item, patrons click on a live “request” button onscreen, and then a robotic crane is sent off to find the item, moving among racks of steel bins holding books and journals from which the robotic arm selects, grabs and delivers the appropriate bin to a pickup station where a library attendant pulls the exact item and delivers it to the circulation desk within minutes. The entire process which I witnessed myself takes only minutes and handles numerous simultaneous requests.
Having the RRS, I was told, also saves the library the cost of a courier service and the additional library staff needed to operate a remote storage facility. The Ekstrom Library’s RRS stands out in how artfully it is built into the central design of the new addition. With numerous windows on the system, students can literally stand at the circulation desk, make a request, and actually see the system fill their form watching it work serving almost as a piece of 21st-century art, a book fountain of sorts, whizzing and whirring volumes past the windows. In all, the Ekstrom addition contributes a hefty 42,500 square feet of space to the library
The library’s robotic retrieval system (RRS) has freed up significant space for exhibits in the library, like the one by Split Rock Studios, St. Paul; designer, Lisa Friedlander that highlights the year of Kentucky’s founding and features a statue of Henry Clay, Kentucky senator from 1806 to 1850. The desk is a replica of the desk Clay used when he was in the Senate-the actual desk is in the office of Kentucky Senator Mitch McConnell, who endowed the Ekstrom expansion and the McConnell Center for Political Leadership.
The libraries now seem poised to attain the ambitious goals of the university of becoming a premier metropolitan university that is nationally recognized for advancing intellectual, social and economic development. The library’s massive atrium allows light to pour into the building and over the circulation desk.
The libraries’ technological resources have developed to state-of-the-art electronic information centers for the campus community with more than 550 computer workstations from which one can borrow laptop computers for use anywhere in the libraries. Advanced wireless technology enables laptop users to access the internet and the libraries’ vast electronic resources. Researchers could access 25,000 full-text journals and hundreds of electronic databases.
Two teaching laboratories enable librarians to conduct classes in the library with instant access to the online world. The library’s three new, modern instruction labs equipped with wireless technology and state-of-the-art audiovisual equipment, emphasize the library’s continually expanding role in teaching and learning. Instructional Lab 1 and Instructional Lab 2 have become extremely flexible spaces hosting a version of the 3M Road Show for Kentucky librarians.
The university community can access thousands of electronic information resources from hundreds of computer work stations in the libraries and also from anywhere: their offices, classrooms or home. Minerva, the online catalogue indexes and accesses the many items held within the libraries. Through its access to national and regional electronic networks one could search many library catalogs and databases around the nation and even around the world.
The University of Louisville Libraries is a member of the Association of Research Libraries, the most prestigious and influential library association in North America. Strong financial support from the University administration has propelled it up to national prominence and impetus in strengthening its ties with Metroversity, a consortium of higher education institutions in metro Louisville, Kentucky, Virtual Library and other library consortia in the region and nation thus adding significantly to the materials made available to its students and faculty and to students and faculties from other campuses.
It has established Kentucky’s first library chair, the Evelyn J. Schneider Endowed Chair For Scholarly Communication underwritten by the estate of a longtime university librarian and the state’s Research Challenge Trust Fund. The first chair holder, Dwayne K. Butler is a highly regarded expert in copyright law, particularly that related to educational and electronic resources.
Overseeing all these developments for the past eleven years has been a charismatic, energetic, ingenious and visionary woman, Prof Hannnelorewery Rader, Dean of Libraries, whom I had the privilege of talking to. Prof Radar brought to Louisville a wealth of experience. For seventeen years she headed the Cleveland and Wisconsin university libraries and held various positions at Eastern Michigan University for almost twelve years. She has written widely in her field and attended many professional conferences. She was eventually named in 1999 Outstanding Academic Research Librarian.
Through Dr Radar’s innovative ideas, her drive and direction together with the expanding library collection, upgraded resources, a more inviting environment, helpful and innovative library staff and academics library usage has recorded a 60 percent increase thus exceeding the 2 million per annum mark. One of her striking innovations is the Tulip Coffee Shop in the spacious lobby where readers enjoy tasty sandwiches and other relishing rolls with cups of tea, coffee orange juice or diet coke as they read or scroll through the internet. The Tulip Tree Café has become so popular that it may soon need to add another cash register.
Louisville offers one of the nation’s best information literacy programs. Louisville libraries are no longer just places for research, but are now like other libraries today places of active instruction.
According to Prof Radar, her philosophy is to cater for the needs of the mostly non-traditional studentship mostly adults of varying ages and non-residential for increasingly comfortable atmosphere and facilitating the processes of accessing information. This explains her introduction of the snack bar and the constant restructuring and redecorating of the premises.
“We wanted to have a space where students could learn and do research but also socialize. … We wanted to offer a library space for all of those things,” for as she stressed “Our students are urban, many are part-time and don’t live on campus. We want them to be on campus.” To accomplish that, she says, they completely reimagined their library for the 21st century.
“Space was an issue,” Rader says. “We were running out of space for our materials, and that’s pretty much a problem for most academic libraries.” Today, the library space is more than repository but a place for instruction, to showcase unique holdings and exhibits, and to foster student collaboration and all forms of interaction, both with information sources in all formats as well as with librarians.
With space a key concern, the highlight of the Ekstrom Library expansion is its robotic retrieval system, a unique system made up of more than 7000 steel bins, offering climate-controlled storage for up to 1.2 million volumes. Rader was already familiar with how efficient the system could be, having come from Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, one of the first to install such a system. “We never really considered an off-site storage facility,” as she said. “We don’t want to store the books miles away, send for them when a student needs them, and then wait to have them delivered to campus.” For as she notes, the robotic system can retrieve and deliver a book in a matter of minutes while off-site storage can sometimes take days.
The University of Louisville being a public institution, open to the general public,it is, according to Rader putting an even greater premium on space and efficiency. So rather than filling the space with immovable objects, such as banks of PCs, it is completely wireless and filled with flexible seating, from stuffed, comfortable chairs and small tables to wooden chairs and large, roomier tables for students to spread out their work. “Students can bring their own or check out laptops at the circulation desk.” Meanwhile, 600 traditional workstations remain in the old wing for those who wish to use them.
The Libraries in their entirety, the Dean told me, hold millions of print volumes from many countries, electronic books and databases and thousands of electronic journals, reference materials, other library resources, library guides and services.
In addition to increased room for student collaboration, the library expansion features three new library instruction labs, where formal or informal classes are held, and the charming new 150-seat Elaine Chao auditorium, all handicapped accessible, and equipped with the latest technology, including wireless Internet access and state-of-the-art AV equipment.
With digital resources offering access to information, much of the library’s space is freed up for the library’s more unique holdings. An ambitious slate of lectures, seminars, conferences, exhibits, and displays, all designed to engage students, faculty, and the community in the library have been laid out as ongoing activities. Chao, who serves as Labor Secretary under President Bush, spoke recently in the auditorium that bears her name.
In addition, the library is home to the McConnell Center for Political Leadership, featuring the papers and exhibits of Kentucky’s Republican Senator Mitch McConnell. The bipartisan center sponsors a range of programming, including lectures and seminars. In fact, the Ekstrom expansion owes a great deal to the McConnell Center-the $14.2 million project was funded by federal grants earmarked by McConnell.
The Elaine L. Chao auditorium is named for the current U.S. Secretary of Labor and plays host to a full slate of lectures and seminars. The space between the rows is exceptionally wide, preventing cramped knees or contortions to allow people to pass. The acoustics in the auditorium are “perfect,” making the space the university president’s favorite venue for press conferences presenting a great location for TV cameras, press feeds, etc. Chao herself recently spoke there, as has Sen. Edward Kennedy (D-MA).
To Radar though it’s still a library storing information, it is also a place for people to hang out, a place for the whole university, a space to be, a space for events, for special teaching and learning sessions.” a 21st-century library.”
Arthur Smith was born and was schooled in Freetown, Sierra Leone. He has taught English since 1977 at Prince of Wales School and, Milton Margai College of Education. He is now a Senior Lecturer at Fourah Bay College where he has been lecturing English language and Literature for the past eight years.
Mr Smith’s writings have been appearing in local newspapers as well as in various international media like West Africa Magazine, Index on Censorship, Focus on Library and Information Work. He was one of 17 international visitors who participated in a seminar on contemporary American Literature sponsored by the U.S.State Department in 2006. His growing thoughts and reflections on this trip which took him to various US sights and sounds could be read at lisnews.org.
His other publications include: Folktales from Freetown, Langston Hughes: Life and Works Celebrating Black Dignity, and ‘The Struggle of the Book’ He holds a PhD and a professorship in English from the National Open University, Republic of Benin.
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If your nose is always buried in a book, you probably have shelves upon shelves of books at home, so many, in fact, that you may not remember all that you own. Normally, this isn’t a problem, but when you are a literature major or you are studying literature in a more academic setting, you need to be able to keep track of what you own. This will help you when you are writing papers, theses, and even your dissertation. With library automation software, you can begin to arrange your library without having to move a book on your shelf.
The Literature You Need
When you’re in your basic literature classes, you will find you need to read certain books in order to keep up with your tests and papers. These books will be on your book list for the semester or quarter, and you just need to go to the bookstore to fetch them. However, if you’re already interested in books and reading, you may already own a number of books you will study. Without library automatic software, you may not even realize this. This software will keep track of all the books you own and it will allow you to check this list against your book list to see what you really need to buy, and what you do not. College and upper level education isn’t cheap. You need to find ways to save money wherever you can.
The Genres of Your Study
Since most literature majors will end up choosing one particular genre for their larger area of expertise, you will want to start using library automation software now to see how your collection measures up. For example, if you are a fan of historical fiction, you might want to categorize your books by this genre and then by the authors within the genre. With the software, all you do is type the titles and authors in to help you see what you own and what you might still want to read. You can also include quick notes to yourself in order to remember the story and the things you liked (or not) about the book.
The Ideas You Have
As you continue in your teaching careers or in your academic study, you will also want to use library automation software to keep track of books you want to pursue more deeply. This will help you to keep track of your paper and publication ideas while also allowing you to see what books inspired your ideas as well. And if you realize that the book that is your muse is not in your catalog, you might want to head out to buy it. Or you can look at the books you have in your library automation software to see what other books are similar and might serve as comparison points.
Being a literature major is not an easy thing, but with library automation software, it can be more organized and even a bit inspiring along the way.
Max Smirnov, Library Automation Software Author
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“I cannot live without books” Thomas Jefferson once said. No one should live without books! Books uplift. Books inspire. Books teach. The teaching done through books encompasses many areas: vocabulary, life experiences, knowledge, learning, and the list goes on and on. There is no doubt that books are important.
A library is, according to Webster’s Dictionary, “A place in which literary, musical, artistic, or reference materials (as books, manuscripts, recordings, or films) are kept for use but not for sale.” A Family Library is more than just a collection of books that a family accumulates. A family library is a library of books that a family accumulates for themselves and their posterity. Great care should go into the collecting of books for this library, because the family knows the worth of such a library. Many great men in history had their own extensive family libraries. Thomas Jefferson sold his collection of 6, 487 books to re-start the library of congress. That is an admirably sized library!
Why have your own library of books?
Why go through the expense and trouble of creating your own family library? There are many reasons, but I only plan to include the more important ones.
The first reason is so that you and your family are always learning. “It is a great mistake to think that education is finished when young people leave school. Education is never finished.” Mrs. Child in The Mother’s Book. A good friend of mine, in a recent email correspondence about my collecting a library of books for my family, related the following:
“What is really interesting about having so many books in your home, as it relates to my recent splurge, is that a book I purchased has a chapter about the economics of good test scores in schools. The study tried to identify what parents do that has an impact on how well their children do on standardized tests. One positive correlation they found was with the availability of a large number of books in the home. This had a stronger correlation than even reading to your children every day. Really interesting, huh? The more books your older kids have access to at home, the more likely they are to just be reading for fun, rather than having to wait for weekly trips to the library.”
I have been homeschooling my children using the philosophy of A Thomas Jefferson Education inspired by Oliver Van DeMille, Founder and President of George Wythe College . This philosophy of learning is based on the reading of classic books. Clifton Fadiman said, “When you reread a classic, you do not see more in the book than you did before; you see more in you than was there before.” Classic books also make you smarter and wiser! The wisdom comes in the examples in the lives of the protagonists. You see consequences to choices made- whether good or bad. Classic books are not ashamed about including God, morals and good values in the text and influences of the story.
“It is within our power to guide our youth in their reading and to cultivate in their hearts a desire for good books. It is most unfortunate where a person is not possessed with the desire for good reading. The reading habit, like charity, should begin at home.” (Joseph Fielding Smith, Doctrines of Salvation, Vol. 3, pp. 203-4).
Carefully Choosing Literature
It is important to understand the worth of a good book when you are deciding what books to add to our family’s library. Just as in movies and other influences in our lives they can affect our thoughts and choices. They can affect whether or not we improve our minds and lives or remain stagnant.
Inappropriate literature has always been around. What concerns me is how deceptively modern political agendas, sin and other filth are creeping into literature even for the youngest people; and how they are becoming so widely accepted. They are now found in school and public libraries. Sadly, many people today believe that it’s okay to make allowances here and there. Some don’t even know what is in the literature that their children are reading. Now is the time to make a change. It is important to be careful about what we read.
“There is no question that books do something to us. Some works of art can lift our spirits and ennoble us, while other works can degrade and debase us-or they can affect us at any number of points between those extremes, for literature is seldom simply good or bad…
Reaching a solution through the Spirit, it seems to me, leads us to realize that because life and time are short, we will be able to read only a few thousand books in our lifetimes. When we pick any book, we are ruling out hundreds and thousands of other books. How important it is, then, to choose time-proven great books that will foster the Holy Spirit and enable us to rise to greater levels of truth and beauty and insight and understanding and, hence, spirituality. Many great men and women have found that a steady, systematic approach to literature has enabled them to fill their beings, in a lifetime of good reading, with the great thoughts of men and women of all the ages, for through reading great books we are put in touch with the great minds of all time, and we become their spiritual and intellectual heirs.” George W. Pace in Nov. 1993 New Era
Mrs. Child, author of The Mother’s Book (1831) who wrote the following, “With regard to the kind of books that are read, great precaution should be used. No doubt the destiny of individuals has very often been decided by volumes accidentally picked up and eagerly devoured at a period of life when every new impression is powerful and abiding. For this reason, parents, or some guardian friends, should carefully examine every volume they put into the hands of young people.” By creating our own family library of good, wholesome books we can be careful what goes into the minds of our family members.
What Books To Add
I suggest beginning by creating a book list that you wish to read. Only put the books on there that will improve you, inspire or teach you. Get access to as many recommended Classic book lists as you can. Do a search online for extensive classic book lists for ideas.
Surprisingly, classic books are very inexpensive. I try to get hardcover only for those books that I think will be read often. There are many great places to find them online and also locally. Check out used books stores. Don’t forget to go with your lists!
“It is the duty of every parent to provide in his home a library of suitable books to be at the service of the family. The library need not be large, nor the books of the most expensive binding, but there should be a well chosen variety of the most select that can be obtained.” (Joseph Fielding Smith, Doctrines of Salvation, Vol. 3, pp. 203-4).
If good literature is important enough to you, you will find a way to afford it. Enjoy putting together and working on your family library.
Shiloah Baker is a mother of seven children and homemaker who resides in North Carolina. She is the owner of Homemaking Cottage & Co., a website which offers homemaking related articles, books, eBooks, ideas, other homemaking related materials, and a subscription service. For more information go to: [http://www.homemaking-cottage.com]
or her blog at http://homemakingcottageblog.blogspot.com to learn how she raises seven children and runs a business at home.
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As Jason and his son walked through the library they paused in front of the literature holders in the community room and Jason took a look at some of the upcoming activities soon to be held there. There were several literature displays and he found the content they held to be very informative. He took several flyers and cards reminding him of some of the upcoming scheduled events. Jason visited his local library at least once a week, sometimes even more often. He found that his community library offered many items and opportunities that were of interest to him and to his large family. Have you considered the many possible benefits that your community library may offer to you? Perhaps you simply associate the library with books alone or maybe the thought of the library brings back memories of school research papers. Oh, how times have changed when it comes to the services of the local library. Many community libraries offer services to their community that is educational and recreational. The following are some of the most helpful and well utilized benefits available for those who are regular visitors to their local library.
• A library patron has access to the latest book releases, both fiction and non-fiction.
• A visitor to the library has access to the latest DVD releases.
• Children who visit the library can be exposed to organized educational opportunities such as story time, craft time, or drama events.
• Researchers who use the library can look through a plethora of archived information.
• Seminar organizers can utilize library facilities to hold group meetings for their events.
• Readers looking for a favorite story from long ago or a good story to enjoy can browse until they find what they are looking for.
• Those needing the services of computer programs or internet services can gain access through the library computers.
• Depending on the library facility, those in need of passport photos can arrange to have them taken.
• Service providers and non-profit agencies can post informational opportunities on community bulletin boards or outside of the designated library community room.
• Tutors giving additional help to struggling students can use the library as a meeting place to hold individual or group tutoring sessions.
Perhaps you may not be aware of all the wonderful opportunities your community library makes available to you. While not every community library has all the same resources available, most every library is able to be advantageous to their community in one way or the other. So next time you are looking for that new DVD release, or in need of archival information, or desiring a learning opportunity for your young child, consider a visit to your library. Remember that the library most often offers their materials and opportunities free of charge or for a very nominal cost. No matter your age or your scope of interest chances are you can learn more about it at the library. Libraries are integral parts of thriving communities as they educate residents and provide the community with opportunities for fun and learning.
Connor R. Sullivan recently purchased several literature holders to set up at the school where his baseball team was conducting a fundraiser. His wife set up several literature displays at the local high school library.
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